Dental science, also referred to as dental medicine or dental care, consists of the investigation, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and prevention of dental diseases, disorders, conditions, and problems of the teeth and mouth. A dentist is a qualified professional who can perform these functions. The dentist uses various instruments and dental materials for the treatment of dental diseases and problems.
Dental science deals with the prevention and treatment of dental problems such as gum disease, periodontal diseases, cavities, dental decay, oral illnesses, and surgical problems of the jaw and mouth. The aim of dental science is to maintain and promote healthy and aesthetically pleasing teeth and gums through education, practices, research, and patient education. Dentists diagnose dental problems, plan treatments, implement treatment plans, and provide assistance to patients and their families in maintaining good oral health.
One of the main goals of dental hygiene is to prevent tooth decay and plaque from developing in the teeth, by identifying the early signs of tooth decay and preventing them from worsening. A dentist can perform a number of procedures to prevent tooth decay and plaque buildup, such as scaling, filling, root canal treatment, removal of decayed teeth, implant dentures and permanent dental appliances. Dental work such as implant dentures and permanent dental appliances are used to replace missing teeth so that all of the remaining teeth remain intact and in place. Dental work may also include dental implants to replace missing teeth; bridges to join two or more adjacent teeth; crowns to cover a severely decayed tooth; dental veneers to improve the appearance of chipped or discolored teeth; dental door repairs to improve functionality of the teeth; and gum lifts to hide gaps in between teeth.
Dental treatment involves prevention and early detection of tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral infections and diseases. Dental hygienists instruct patients on proper teeth and gum care. They provide toothbrush and flossing maintenance to reduce the risks of developing tooth decay or other oral problems. During routine check-ups, dental professionals also examine and diagnose patients for conditions such as diabetes, HIV, syphilis, pneumonia, oral cancer, bone loss and bone fragility, among others. In patients with documented heart disease, diabetes and cancer, dental professionals may also recommend other treatments, aside from treating tooth decay, gum diseases and other oral conditions.
A dental bridge, which connects one or more teeth to a gum or post, allows patients who have lost all of their teeth to restore their ability to eat, talk and smile normally. A dental bridge includes a false tooth that is permanently attached to the front of another healthy tooth. A dental bridge allows the remaining teeth to be saved or to be replaced if a patient has lost all or most of their teeth. A dental bridge is recommended for patients who are at high risk of losing their teeth due to age, disease, accidents or structural deformities.
Braces are devices used to straighten misaligned teeth. To fix dental devices and procedures, dentists use controlled pressure to apply or reposition the braces over the jawbone. A dental brace can correct different dental conditions like teeth crowding, under bite, overbite, gum recessions and jaw disorders. These devices are usually custom-made and designed to fit each person’s unique needs and situation. Aside from correcting teeth alignment and other general problems, braces can also help improve facial features like lips and cheeks.